Types Of Acne
Dermatologists sometimes group acne into two broad categories: inflammatory and non-inflammatory.
Non-inflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. Both consist of enlarged pores filled with oil and dead skin cells. Blackheads are colored because they have exposure to the air, while whiteheads do not.
Inflammatory acne, including cystic acne, occurs when the walls of a clogged pore break down. It results in heat, redness, and swelling. Bacteria inside these pores lead to even more inflammation, causing papules and pustules (swollen pink or red bumps) and cysts. Because cystic acne is inflammatory, it has a higher risk of leaving scars.
How is Cystic Acne Treated?
At New York Skin & Vein Centers, we treat cystic acne with a multifaceted treatment plan that addresses your individual needs. Not all medications or treatments work for everyone, so treating cystic acne can require testing several options.
ZO Skin Health for Cystic Acne
Developed by skincare legend Dr. Obagi, this line of skincare products forms the foundation of almost any acne treatment plan. All skin types benefit from appropriate, targeted skincare that provides needed hydration without irritating or clogging pores. Your customized ZO Skin Health routine will improve your skin’s health and reduce cystic acne.
Accutane for Cystic Acne
This prescription medication shrinks oil-producing glands to prevent clogged pores. Accutane can have side effects but can often resolve severe cystic acne. If you receive a prescription for Accutane, you will need to limit sun exposure carefully. Accutane can make your skin dry, which will make your ZO Skin Health routine even more important.
Blue Light Therapy for Cystic Acne
BLU-U light therapy uses a non-invasive blue light that reduces acne-causing bacteria. It can be combined with a medication called Levulan that enhances its effects for powerful cystic acne reduction. It works well as part of a comprehensive treatment plan or alone.